Saturday, December 28, 2019
One could only imagine the fear the people in Europe experienced after learning of so many deaths across the land. Hearing of an illness heading towards you, a plague so severe, that it would end up causing a third of the population in Europe to parish. Originating in China in 1347 making its way to Europe in 1348, The Black Death is one of the worldsÃ¢â¬â¢ deadliest occurrences in history. The researcher will cover how the illness made its way to Europe, how the Church was effected, and what the doctors thought to be the blame for the illness and their frugal attempts for a cure. The social and economic ramifications of the plague will also be addressed. During the timeframe of 1333-1345, there were droughts followed by famine inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The ships carrying the Christian traders pulled into Messina, a port in Sicily. This would be the end for Europe. Messina was one of the major ports where trading occurred in Italy. Instead of finding silk, furs, manufa ctured goods, and spices aboard, the dockworkers found dead or dying sailors. The smell from the blood and pus that permeated from the black boils on the bodies was putrid (Lerner, R. E.). The ships were put out to sea within a couple of days but the damage had already been done. The townsÃ¢â¬â¢ people came down with the illness and so did anyone who ventured onto those drifting vessels. The Black Death had arrived. The ships carrying the plague came into port in Genoa and Venice before it was realized they were the ones that caused so many people to suffer in Messina. An immigration mandate was passed, forcing people who were returning to Venice from the East to be quarantined for 40 days. The significance of this figure was that Christ had spent that many days suffering in the wilderness. In Milan, if anyone in your family came down with the illness, a cross was placed on the doors of the house and there you stayed until you succumbed to the plague. After leaving Italy, it took two months for the plague to raise its ugly head in France, where the immune systems of the citizens there were already fragile from wars and famine (Martin, S.). The plague made its way into EgyptShow MoreRelatedThe Black Of Black Death939 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshistory few events seem as cataclysmic as the Black Death. The Black Death was actually one of the most deadly pandemics in human history. This awful pandemics most devastating time in Europe was between 1348 and 1350. According to some estimates it wiped out at least two-thirds of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s population. A Malmesbury monk from Wiltshire wrote that, Ã¢â¬Å"Over England as a whole a fifth og men, women and children were carried to the grave.Ã¢â¬ (James Ã¢â¬Å"Black Death: The lasting impactÃ¢â¬ ) Many epidemiologists stillRead MoreThe Death Of The Black Death1148 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Black Death, one of the greatest natural disaster to hit Europe thus causing the death of many people in the most horrific manner and cause the end of feudalism. This was a disaster that affected one third of the European continent and also one that no one was prepared to face. It killed more people than during a war and it impacted simple lives of people, their culture, religion and the economy as a whole. The origin of The Black Death has several explanations. Some people said The Black DeathRead MoreThe Death Of The Black Death905 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgrew were dying. On the wake of these seven distressing years of weather and famine was the greatest plague of all times, The Black Death. In 1347 AD, The Black Death began spreading throughout Western Europe. Over the time span of three years, the widespread epidemic killed one third of the population in Europe with pretty near twenty five million people dead. The Black Death killed many more Europeans than any other endemic or war up to that time, vastly impacting the Church, the people, and the economyRead MoreThe Death Of The Black Death1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Black Death was a very important time in history and, while devastating, it led to many advances in medicine due to the mass spread of a new deadly disease. The 14th Century encompassed the time period of January 1, 1301 to December 31, 1400. When this disease struc k, Ole J. Benedictow calculates that it killed about 50 million people in Europe alone, which was about 60% of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s population at the time. That being said, the Black Death, often referred to as the Bubonic Plague, clocked inRead MoreThe Death Of The Black Death2017 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Black Death The pandemic known to history as the Black Death was one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s worst natural disasters in history. It was a critical time for many as the plague hit Europe and Ã¢â¬Å"devastated the Western world from 1347 to 1351, killing 25%-50% of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s population and causing or accelerating marked political, economic, social, and cultural changes.Ã¢â¬ The plague made an unforgettable impact on the history of the West. It is believed to have originated somewhere in the steppes of central AsiaRead MoreThe Black Death1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesatrocious and it made the perfect place for Yersinia Pestis to thrive. Yersinia Pestis is the virus responsible for the Black Death, a deadly disease that rapidly powered through Europe, killing nearly all of the people in its way. The Black Death had a lot of gruesome and terrifying symptoms that made bystanders sick just watching. Certain people were more likely to acquire the Black Death than others. Since peasants had worse l iving conditions than the nobility, they were far more likely to catch theRead MoreThe Black Death1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesatrocious and it made the perfect place for Yersinia Pestis to thrive. Yersinia Pestis is the virus responsible for the Black Death, a deadly disease that rapidly powered through Europe, killing nearly all of the people in its way. The Black Death had a lot of gruesome and terrifying symptoms that made bystanders sick just watching. Certain people were more likely to acquire the Black Death than others. Since peasants had worse living conditions than the nobility, they were far more likely to catch theRead MoreThe Black Death1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesatrocious and it made the perfect place for Yersinia Pestis to thrive. Yersinia Pestis is the virus responsible for the Black Death, a deadly disease that rapidly powered through Europe, killing nearly all of the people in its way. The Black Death had a lot of gruesome and scary symptoms that made bystanders sick just watching. Certain people were more likely to acquire the Black Death than others. Since peasants had worse living conditions than the nobility, they were far more likely to catch the PlagueRead MoreThe Black Death831 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTHE BLACK DEATH! What Is The Black Death? The Black Death is a disease that went on for over 5 years. It also spread around a wide range of places! It killled and harmed thousands upon thousands of people and had no mercy. If you were to sadly catch the Black Death, you would DEFINITELY die and there was many cures and causes however none of the causes actually worked also all of causes were thought to be a punishment from God. Once you knew you had the Black DeathRead MoreThe Black Death1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat were the short term and long term impacts of the Black Death on Medieval society? The Black Death is one of the most fatal diseases in human history and took its peak in Europe from 1348 to 1350. Half of EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s population was wiped out due to this disease and the short and long term impacts greatly affected the structure of Medieval Society. The Black Death or otherwise known as the plague was thought to have begun in Central Asia, which spread down the Silk Road and eventually to Europe
Friday, December 20, 2019
Many technological advancements have been made since the discovery of DNA structure and its function in 1953 by James Watson and Francis Crick. Recently, scientists have developed a process called DNA barcoding. The result of DNA barcoding is a database of barcodes of species, made up of a sequence of nucleotides in specific genes. DNA barcoding is a relatively new process that isolates a section of a mitochondrial gene and amplifies it, allowing scientists to sequence the order of nucleotide bases in a certain gene, the organismÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"barcode.Ã¢â¬ The mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene (CO1) is used for animals. It codes for a protein that is a part of the electron transport chain, which is used by every species during oxidative phosphorylation in cellular respiration. Every organism has a unique CO1 gene, but organisms that are within the same families will have more similar genes. Thus, by looking at a sequence of nucleotides in the CO1 gene, scientists can ide ntify and categorize species. Each DNA barcode is registered in the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD) under its respective species, and barcodes are being continually added to this database by scientists on the grassroots level. This allows easy and fast identification of species with no expert knowledge of the species required. The old Linnaean system of taxonomy is now outdated, replaced by this revolutionary new way to identify organisms. Today, scientists are utilizing the DNA barcoding process to answer aShow MoreRelatedDNA Barcoding Project1519 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDNA Barcoding Project Ã¢â¬â Individual DNA Sequence Analysis Worksheet Please answer the following questions for each sample that you had sequenced: (DO NOT USE TRACK CHANGES) Sample (Sequence) Name: 08-03-MJ-A_COI_FOR.ab1 1. At what base pair (bp) does the good quality sequence start (e.g. G35)? _____C46______ Do not crop the sequence until Step 4. Highlight the first base, take a screen shot of the waveform (should be full length, not just a few bases) and paste in a screen shot of thisRead MoreDna Barcoding Using Coi For Species Identification For Conservation1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDNA Barcoding using COI for Species Identification for Conservation Introduction and Literature Review The DNA Barcoding is becoming more popular in the present times due to its accuracy in the identification of different species. It has been approved to be more accurate than other taxonomic methods. The DNA Barcoding employs in the use of Polymerase Chain Reaction to magnify the COI gene. The amplified COI genes of the organisms are sequenced and compared with a known database of the organismsRead MoreDna Barcoding And Its Effects On The Malaysian Market1964 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesutilize the DNA barcoding in the fish segment, to assess the frequency of fish mislabeling on the Malaysian market (2015). DNA barcoding tries to standardize scientific classification by using short, single DNA sequence, for example, part of the mitochondrial gene COI to distinguish between species (Larson, 2007). The process begins with extracting DNA and using primers to amplify COI regions from the DNA extracts via PCR. The sequences attained are compared to the available sequences in Bold and GenBank
Thursday, December 12, 2019
A paper which explores the factors which influence the predominant business ethics in Scottish society. The paper shows how certain factors have contributed the ethical working practices of Scotland. Factors discussed are the Presbyterian religion where the emphasis is on considering the effects a decision can have upon the community when engaging in ethical decision making; as well as the legacy of thriftiness left on the country by Scotsman Adam Smith, the father of capitalism. Thus in ethical decision making, practicality for the Scots is key. Perhaps the truest secular patron saint of Scotland is Adam Smith, the intellectual founding father of capitalism. Although this may seem to conflict with the idea of the largely commination ethos outlined above, it is important to note that Smiths version of capitalism was based more on thrift and trusting the individual hand of the market than spreading the pseudo-Wall Street creed that greed is good, as his works are often misperceived as advocating. We will write a custom essay sample on Scottish Ethics or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Smiths philosophy shows the Scottish ethics of decision making in his belief that rather than control from above (as from the King and the bishops in the hierarchy of the Anglican Church) control is best bestowed through trusting the invisible forces (of God, human reason, and money) and common-sense decision making.