Thursday, May 28, 2020

Israel-Palestine Conflict, Free Essay Sample

Essay on Israel-Palestine conflict The Israel –Palestine conflict is one of the longest conflicts in the Middle East; these two nations have been fighting for many years, with no solution to end the war. Both Palestine and Israel have been fighting to dominate the territory along the borders, including places like the West Bank. Since the conflict began, many families have been displaced with the property being destroyed. Thousands of Palestine’s are refugees in their own country. The Israeli occupation of Palestine land annoyed the Palestine, especially when the Israel built a wall known as the wall of hate. The wall enabled Israel to control the movement of Palestine as it isolated that from accessing basic services. Causes of conflict between Israel and Palestine Palestine’s have always felt oppressed by the Israeli government   Ã‚  who restrict their movement. The wall is made of concrete and is higher than the Berlin wall in Germany and surrounded by razor wires. Palestinians are frequently stopped at checkpoints, and people are detained for hours if suspected to be part of the Palestinian militia group. Besides building the wall, Israel frequently invaded Palestine areas until a resolution was passed by the united nation to divide the land, Israel took more land compared to Palestine.   Today, after long fighting, Israel is bigger than it was back then because it has taken most of Palestinian land. History of the conflict Palestine –Israel conflict started way back when some few Jews decided to call themselves Zionists meaning the return of Jews ancestral land.   The homeland was called Zion or Israel, and Jerusalem was a holy city of Jew known as the city of Zion. The Zionists were not political, but fought for their religious beliefs. They believed that they could pray better in their homeland Zion that was Israel. With time politics started influencing their thinking Zion movement had a political meaning the Jews decided that they were not just religious groups fighting for their rights, but they wanted to become a nation, today, the   Zion movement is part of Jews nationalism. Jews believe that they need to have a Jews state and should be permanent, independent and secure.   The issues related to boundaries and the nature of government, its relationship with other countries, especially America are some of the major causes of dispute between Palestine and Israel. Looking back at history, by 1948 more than 860,000 Palestinians lived in Israel, but were driven out during frequent fighting especially when Israel has declared the state.   Ã‚  The Palestine’s population in Jerusalem reduced from 75,000 to 3,500   Ã‚  the most affected areas were Jaffa, Haifa, and Tiberias. Palestine’s became refugee losing 8000,000 acres to Israel. With frequent war, Palestinian lost many resources. The conflict between these two countries has become part of the international discussion; international players like the United Nations have been involved in resolving this dispute through negotiation. The peace negotiation to end the conflict Several rounds of negotiation have been mediated by the Middle East leader and other countries, like the US, Russia, the European Union leaders and the United Nations.   The Arab League has always proposed alternative peace plan. However, the main people involved in negotiating for peace have varied views. For instance, Russia has recognized Hamas as being legitimate, and their control of the Gaza Strip is justified.   The Russian government has always supported Mahmud Abbas as their Palestinian leader. The US has always supported Israel; the US has supported one of the powerful Evangelical Christian movements in Israel.   The US offers financial support to Israel with more than $ 3 billion annually.   Israel groups in the US are well financed by the US government as the US guarantee Israel more support to support arms manufacturing. One of the successful peace negotiation between the two sides was witnessed in 2007 in Maryland, where the final resolution involved the parties agree on how to handle issues like the Israeli settlements, the places of worship, a Palestinian state , the Israel west bank barrier among other   key issues. The initial peace talk began in 1991 after Likud lost the parliamentary election. The labor party led by Yitzhak Rabin formed a new government and was more lenient.   After decades of violence the Palestine labor leader in 1993 Yasir Arafat, and then the prime minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin met for negotiations in the US   Ã‚  signing a treaty that enhanced self-rule for Palestine in Israeli occupied areas. Another treaty was later signed in Cairo, the Gaza –Jericho agreement in 1994   Ã‚  that addressed four main issues. These included security arrangements for civilians, civil affairs, economic relation and legal implications of this agreement. The agreement also supported the withdrawal of Israeli military from both Jericho and Gaza and transferring authority from Israel to Palestinian authority. With an intensive diplomatic effort from the US,   Ã‚  another agreement between the prime minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu and Yasser Arafat agreed in 1996 on the way forward for both countries. Other causes of constant conflict Palestine and Israel With a history of conflict between Israel and Palestinians, other recent issues have caused conflict like the decision of Israel to open an archeological site. Muslims feared that the decision would interfere with the holy site in Aqsa Mosque compound and will undermine the holiest shrine. The tunnel excavation dispute is one of the causes of rising tension between Arabs and Israel that can be associated with historical events between the two countries. Issues of politics, uneven resource allocation, and nationalism have affected peace talk between ideals and Palestinians. It is not surprising that the Israel–Palestine conflict has a long history. Given the importance of the archeological history of ideals and Palestine areas, no wonders that other nations have been involved. The religious significance of Jerusalem for Jews people and Christina across the world itself is enough reason to oppose Israel’s move to occupy the area. Both sides of Israel and Palestine want to occupy the holy city, to pray peacefully without any restrictions. There is more involved than just the archeological and religious appeal each side wants to win over the other. The conflict between the Israeli and Palestinian is a long struggle that will remain unresolved for a long time.   A mutual recognition of Palestine border and its government will minimize the conflict, but cannot guarantee peace in this region forever.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Nike s Competitive Forces And Value Chain Models

DSS 525 Homework 2 Chapters 3 Due date and time: September 25th, 2017 at 11:00 pm Total Points (10X10=100) With reference to the Business Problem-Solving Case: Interactive Session: Technology: Nike becomes a technology company (Page 105-7) answer the questions 1-3. 1. Evaluate Nike using the competitive forces and value chain models. Nike has a distinguishment then other its competitors. It provides sport products for children in more than one field in sport. Also, Nike alway tries to develop its product which gives Nike a strong reputation. For this reason it is difficult for competitors excel Nike. The combination of products and services gave Nike a competitive edge over other competitors. Nike launched applications relate to its†¦show more content†¦Explain your answer. Nike is well-known leading Technology Company, which creates its products attractive and improves the user’s performance with advanced technology to support the sports superstars related with Nike. It also supports the technology, which is used in running shoes. Nike Air technology uses the â€Å"supergases† covered in urethane plastic to provide the greater quality for running shoes to reduce the stress and joint pain while running. Nike + ecosystem are a better phenomenon of internet of things in individual devices that is, connecting the electrical appliances to internet so that its performance can be monitored and examined. 4. How much of an edge does Nike have over its competitors? Explain your answer. Nike Company has quite an edge over its competitors; because, the company has various types of popular apps related with its products and services. †¢ Nike contains the many popular Nike’s Apps and devices. It is easily to track the athlete’s progress and measures one athlete activities against others than other Nike competitors. Other â€Å"Nike + devices† consist of â€Å"Nike + SportWatch GPS† and â€Å"Nike + Running App†; this can be used in both Apple and Android mobiles. The â€Å"Nike + SportWatch GPS† are used to track the location, speed, distance, burned calories, and heart beat rate of the athletes, and this work out details are uploaded into Nike’s website by plug the SportWatch to USB port. The Nike + Running App is used to mapShow MoreRelatedMarketing Strategy Michael E. Porter s The Five Forces Model1543 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction This essay is based on Harvard Business School Professor and the father of modern business strategy Michael E. Porter’s â€Å"The Five Forces Model† (1979) and â€Å"The Value Chain† concept (1985) which will be critically analysing the internal and external competitive factors of â€Å"Adidas† sports brand company by applying Michael Porter’s theoretical frameworks that can be used to develop successful strategy for taking the company forward. Introduction of Adidas The global retail sporting goodsRead MoreOutsourcing Practices of Adidas, Converse, Nike, and Reebok1079 Words   |  4 PagesOutsourcing Practices of Adidas, Converse, Nike and Reebok Introduction Apparel and shoe manufacturers continued to offload the more costly yet easily replicated part so their business models to concentrate on brand building, marketing, sales and attaining greater distribution channels globally. These are the pressures all apparel and shoe manufacturers face, and it is particularly challenging in the athletic show industry (Kynge, 2009). Adidas, Converse, Nike and Reebok have been outsourcing productionRead MoreSustainment of The Mini Cases of the Industry2205 Words   |  9 Pagescompanies can gain a competitive edge, increase their market share, and boost shareholder value. This paper will identify as points of discussion the value chain and competitive forces in Porter’s model based on ‘The Mini-cases: 5 companies, 5 strategies, 5 transformations article and cases; and the affects did Information Technology have on the sustainability on those five organizations. Case Background 1. Identify the value chain and competitive forces in Porter’s model. Based on â€Å"The Mini-cases:Read MoreHow Globalization And Technology Changes Have Impacted The Corporation You Researched1233 Words   |  5 Pagescorporation you researched. Nike, Inc., is one of the leading designer’s, marketer and distributor of athletic footwear, apparel, equipment and accessories for a variety of sports and fitness activities. The company’s headquarters is near Beaverton, Oregon founded by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight, who set out to reinvent athletic footwear. They wanted to improve upon one pair of running shoes called Onitsuka Tiger. Nike were more than distributors; they joined forces to design ideas and create betterRead MoreCritically Examine How Useful the ‘Sector Matrix’ Framework Is2117 Words   |  9 Pagesseveral frameworks have been developed for analyzing product markets and competitive advantages of companies. Many academic authors have tried to explain what gives competitive advantage in certain industries and how companies inside these industries should restructure in order to achieve greater profitability. This essay is firstly going to discuss the advantages of Porter Value Chain concep t and its similarities to the Commodity Chain frameworks developed by Gereffi. Secondly the essay will contrast theirRead MoreNikes Mission is to Bring Inspiration and Innovation to Every Athlete3040 Words   |  13 Pagesdiscuss Nike, Inc., a publicly traded corporation within the sporting goods industry. It will identify two segments of the general environment that would rank the highest in their influence on Nike, Inc. as well as assess how these segments affect Nike, Inc. and the sporting goods industry in which it operates. In addition, two of the five forces of competition discussed in the text will be identified based on an analysis of which two are the most significant for Nike, Inc. How well Nike, Inc. hasRead MoreThe Analysis of Nike in Athletic Footwear Market Based on Porter’s Five Forces Model3132 Words   |  13 Pagesanalysis of Nike in athletic footwear market based on porter’s Five forces model by Duke Introduction Given the demands of todays competitive and dynamic environment, it is quite challenging to understand strategic issues facing organizations and develop the capability for long term organizational success. Introduction in todays dynamic and competitive business environment, survival, growth and profitability are the essence goals of all industries. Nowadays, Porters Five Forces is currentlyRead MoreNike Business Analysis Essay1378 Words   |  6 Pagesleading athletic brand in the world, much of Nike’s success can be attributed to its shrewd marketing strategy. As reported in its 2009-2010 Annual report, because NIKE is a consumer products company, â€Å"the relative popularity of various sports and fitness activities and changing design trends affect the demand for our products†. Therefore, Nike must â€Å"respond to trends and shifts in consumer preferences by adjusting the mix of existing product offerings, developing new products, styles and categories,Read MoreSt rategic Analysis of Nike8813 Words   |  36 Pages 4 2.1. Vision amp; Mission 4 2.2. Company Portfolio 4 2.3. Nike Value Chain 6 2. Environment Analysis 3.4. Remote Environment Scan 7 3.5. Industry Environment Scan 10 3.6. Business Environment Analysis 11 3.7. Firm s Analysis - Strategic Capabilities 13 3. Strategy 5.1 . Corporate Level Strategy Read MoreStrategic Competition in the Sneaker Industry4504 Words   |  19 Pages As we leap into the twenty first century, it seems as though everyone is on the Internet and more companies are establishing an online presence to maintain their competitive edge. Along with high speed Internet connections, the Internet has become an essential tool for any business to compete domestically or globally. In today s high speed environment, one would be hard pressed to find a Fortune 500 company conducting business with either other businesses or consumers to not have its own web

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Explain the Main Strengths of Mills Utilitarianism

Rule utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says an action is right insofar as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good, or that the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the correctness of the rule of which it is an instance Mill separates pleasure into higher and lower as that he thinks some pleasure like higher is more for the soul and are long term and will benefit you as a person and the lower pleasures which are more material and offer short term pleasure but not the sort that lasts. He use the saying ‘Better to be a human dissatisfied than a pig satisfies; Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied‘ to show the differences between the two pleasures as that you can be a human†¦show more content†¦These considerations closely resemble the way rule utilitarianism makes progress with the moral saint’s problem. Rule utilitarianism can be expected to establish and support various principles of justice and personal rights since these would most likely promote overall utility. It aims at an ordered society, with the principle of the laws built on utilitarian foundations. You could even say that it is another way of democracy as it aims for the happiness of all. No calculation is needed, it follows the laws of your society and nothing is stopping you from moving to another society which allows different rules. It is applied universally so everyone is treated as equal (however different places have different laws). Tells you want pleasures are more desirable then others. higher/lower: (physically pleasure also needed in society). Utilitarianism can lead to wrong moral decisions. Discuss. (10) Utilitarianism is useful as it is a teleological ethic, so there are no exact rules. Humans naturally base their actions on what the consequences will be, so it is easy to adhere to this kind of ethics. Moreover, considering the results seems warmer and personal, as deontological arguments can be cold and rigid (e.g. stealing bread to feed starving children). This makes it more useful because it allows peoples gut morality to be used more than being too legalistic. However,Show MoreRelatedWhat s The Best Way For Deal With People Experiencing These Kind Of Deaths?1854 Words   |  8 Pagesassisted suicide as a violation of fundamental medical ethics and even goes as far as to bearing in mind what the value or importance of a human life is. Another major part of this that has yet to be touched is the subject of passive euthanasia. The main concern with this is the debate as to how important is this person’s life? Are they worth the expensive hospital bill they’re being c harged? If they have zero chance of survival or of return, is it worth keeping them alive? Who gets to decide thatRead MoreCompare Utilitarian and Deontological Theory1821 Words   |  8 PagesCOMPARE UTILITARIAN AND DEONTOLOGICAL THEORIES Utilitarianism is the idea that the moral worth of an action is determined by its usefulness. In maximizing utility and minimizing negative utility, in short it can be defined as pleasure minus pain. Deontology means duty or obligation. This theory was founded by a German philosopher, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). According to Kant, it is the only way of making moral decisions. Another definition for deontology is that it is an approach to the justificationRead MoreApplication of Ethical Theories12285 Words   |  50 Pagesethical reasoning or justification that individuals use to explain their decisions and actions in morally challenging situations. These reasons are assumed to be derived from various ethical theories that differ in the basic criteria used for moral reasoning (Victor Cullen, 1988). These studies demonstrate that individuals usually rationalize their decisions using terminology that expresses different ethical theories such as utilitarianism (Fritzsche Becker, 1984; Premeaux Mondy, 1993; PremeauxRead MoreJurisprudential Theories on IPR13115 Words   |  53 Pagesdescribing intellectual property. It then explores and explains the justifications for ascribing ownership of such property. The first justification it presents is the Lockean labor theory, which informed our Constitutions vision of property. This labor justification can be expressed either as a normative claim or as a purely incentivebased, instrumental theory. Both of these aspects of the labor theory are examined in Part II. The main alternative to a labor justification is a personalityRead MoreBackground Inditex, One of the Worlds Largest Fashion Distributors, Has Eight Major Sales Formats - Zara, Pull and Bear, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Stradivarius, Oysho, Zara Home Y Kiddys Class- with 3.147 Stores in 70100262 Words   |  402 Pagesapproach certainly has merits in some situations, other approaches such as, for instance, having a broad supply base, where suppliers compete for orders, can be more advantageous for the 12 The lean supply chain approach can be defined by two main concepts: Strong and effective relationships, and operational integration (New and Ramsey, 1997). 12 Responsibility in the supply chain focal company in other situations. While most commentators agree that interorganisational collaboration

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Journey Of Siddhartha Essay Example For Students

Journey Of Siddhartha Essay Siddhartha by Herman HesseSiddhartha, by Herman Hesse is the story of a young Brahmin who ventures off in the world to find the meaning of life. His journey begins as a young Brahmin who excelled in life but felt he was missing something and ends as a wise man that has found peace within him. Throughout the book, Hesse allows the reader to connect with Siddhartha and watch as he grows through his experiences, and people with whom he comes in contact. During his journey, Siddhartha, makes many choices which leads to path of life which is marked by self-discovery and independence. Siddhartha grows as a person through three main occurrences: his meeting with Buddha, his attempted suicide, and his time spent with his son, as they all contribute to his finding of himself. Siddharthas meeting with Gotama, the Buddha, is the first experience that contributes to his path of self-discovery. After several years of living the ascetic life of a Samana, Siddhartha decides to seek out Gotama, The Illustrious One, as a teacher or mentor in his journey to find his inner self. After their meeting, however, Siddhartha becomes more convinced that the Buddhas teachings only apply to the Buddha himself, because it is what the Buddha has learned on his own path to nirvana, and Siddharthas path may differ. Siddhartha is convinced that he must find his path himself if he wishes to find nirvana. He understands that the Buddha had a remarkable experience, but it is a personal one. Siddhartha realizes that he must live his own life and make his own choices in order to learn from them. The second experience that puts Siddhartha on a path to himself is his attempted suicide. When leaving Gotama, Siddhartha deserts his life as an ascetic and decides to explore his worldly needs and lives the life of a lover, merchant, and gambler. As a student he is taught the art of love by Kamala and the game of riches by Kamaswami. Siddhartha who was an ascetic becomes self centered, greedy, and no longer can think, fast, and write, which were his key traits. His time in the village is marked by a moral demise that is not what he wishes to seek. Siddhartha who was an ascetic and was insulted and sickened by material possessions now tastes the life of riches and is swimming in sin and has played the game of Samsara. His time spent in the village is leading him closer to the discovery of himself. His growth is evident in his leaving the village after becoming disgusted with the life that he has lived in the village. At this point he attempts suicide, Siddhartha has experienced both the lives of the rich man and the poor ascetic, and was capable of choosing which path suits him best. The final experience in Siddharthas journey to himself was the discovery of his son, Little Siddhartha. After Kamalas death, Siddhartha is left to raise the son he never knew that he had. Raising Little Siddhartha was not easy for him. Unlike his father, Little Siddhartha was ignorant and spoilt. Siddhartha was unable to communicate with the boy, and would do anything to make his son content. The unappreciative son, however, unable to acknowledge Siddharthas sacrifice for him ventured out by his self just as his father had when he was a young man. After a period of remorse Siddhartha came to the realization that the pain he felt was caused by the love for his son. This pain, however, is the final step in his path to himself. By learning to love, something, which he told Kamala that he would never be able to do, Siddharthas has completed his journey. By learning to love and learning to let go, Siddhartha places the final piece in the puzzle of self-discovery. .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .postImageUrl , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:hover , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:visited , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:active { border:0!important; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:active , .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309 .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u380cee55a78783f7d9bbe112a6bd5309:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Accessing prior knowledge through hands on experie EssayIn conclusion, Siddharthas nirvana can be traced to events that allowed him to seek out his individuality. His meeting with Buddha led him to see that an individual makes his/her own experiences; his experience in the village allowed him to unlock the person, whom he had never explored; and the time with his son gave him the opportunity to experience love. Siddharthas journey was determined by the choices that he made himself. Part of his self-discovery was made by good choices, while suffering the consequences of others.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Ivan the Terrible and the Oprichnina (Crap) Essay Sample free essay sample

The Oprichnina was a policy which was set up by Ivan the Terrible. It involved using a figure of secret constabulary. who spread all around the countries which were under Ivan’s control. who looked to see if anyone would perpetrate lese majesty or attempt and dispute Ivan’s leading. Ivan created this program. chiefly because he was afraid that there would be people who would seek to acquire rid of Ivan’s enemies. Cardinal DEVELOPMENTS Creation of the OprichninaDuring 1564. Ivan the Terrible announced that he was close to renouncing. He left for a little town in Russia. where he isolated himself and sent a missive to the people of Russia. guaranting them that Ivan would still be under the regulation of Russia. While he was isolated. he came up with a program where he had complete control over Russia. and that he would use a particular group of people. called Oprichniki. We will write a custom essay sample on Ivan the Terrible and the Oprichnina (Crap) Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page who would travel around Russia seeking for treasonists. or people who he suspected would perpetrate lese majesty. The Council of Boyars agreed to the determination. The state was so divided in two. One portion belonged to Ivan. and it was under his regulation. and he was able to do regulations or do anything he liked with his will. The other portion of Muscovite Russia would be ruled under normal fortunes. by a Grand Prince. It was said that he pretended that he felt like renouncing. but truly. many people said that it was a fast one to individual out all the treasonists. so that governing his portion of Muscovite Russia would be easy. Effectss of the Oprichnina As portion of his Oprichnina. Ivan the Terrible needed to use people who he could swear to acquire rid of all treasonists and people who looked like a menace to his leading. Around 3000-6000 people were employed for this occupation. These people became known as Oprichniki. Many people were killed under Ivan’s regulation by Oprichnikis. Peoples were attacked in many different ways. such as being impaled. mutilated. whipped. or raped. Ivan besides built a palace where he tortured people for amusement. with keeps which held captives. waiting to be tortured. What makes this awful is that many people were killed innocently. or the Tsar created sham paperss which proved that they were guilty. However. that wasn’t every bit far as all the panic goes. In 1570. Ivan attacked the metropolis of Novgorod. believing that they were fall ining Lithuania to seek and take him down. Many historiographers believed that around 40 thousand people died on that twenty-four hours entirely in t hat event. Fall of the Oprichnina Despite the Oprichnina’s success in Ivan’s favor. the system still had its defects. The Oprichnikis stopped swearing each other. and they started turning on each other. which mean that Ivan the Terrible had to maintain looking for new replacings. Besides. after the slaughter at Novgorod. many people stopped swearing his system. and shortly plenty. Crimean Tartars start destructing Moscow. and after the onslaught. people started seeing what Ivan and his system of regulation have done to the state. Trade stopped from other states. and there was political pandemonium in Russia. Agriculture stopped inside Russia. The Crimean Tartars continued assailing. Soon. the whole system collapsed. The two subdivisions of the state which were separated before were rejoined under one state.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Blood Analysis essays

Blood Analysis essays Blood is a fluid substance that circulates in the arteries and veins of the body. Blood is bright red or scarlet when it has been oxygenated in the lungs and passes into the arteries; it becomes bluish red when it has given up its oxygen to nourish the tissues of the body and is returning to the lungs through the veins and the tiny vessels called capillaries. In the lungs, the blood gives up the carbon dioxide wastes it has taken from the tissues, receives a new supply of oxygen, and begins a new cycle. This movement of blood is brought about by the coordinate activity of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. Blood is composed of a yellowish fluid, called plasma, in which are suspended the millions of cells that constitute about 45 percent by volume of whole blood. It has a characteristic odor and a specific gravity between 1.056 and 1.066. In an average healthy adult, the volume of blood is one-eleventh of the body weight, or between 4.5 and 6 liters (5 and 6 qt). A great portion of the plasma is composed of water, a medium that facilitates the circulation of the many indispensable factors of which blood is composed. A cubic millimeter of human blood contains about 5 million red corpuscles called erythrocytes; 5000 to 10,000 white corpuscles called leukocytes; and 200,000 to 300,000 platelets called thrombocytes. The blood also carries many salts and organic substances in solution. Blood type, in medicine, classification of red blood cells by the presence of specific substances on their surface. Typing of red blood cells is a prerequisite for blood transfusion. In the early part of the 20th century, physicians discovered that blood transfusions often failed because the blood type of the recipient was not compatible with that of the donor. In 1901 the Austrian pathologist Karl Landsteiner classified blood types and discovered that they were transmitted by Mendelian heredity . The four blood types are known as A, B, AB, and O. ...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Ethical Leadership and Employee Behaivor Dissertation

Ethical Leadership and Employee Behaivor - Dissertation Example Furthermore, there is the pressing need to investigate all the manners in which ethical leadership tends to affect employee behavior. A number of steps have already been taken in order to promote ethical behavior such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Though this is a step in the right direction but it cannot be termed as an end in itself. Instead, there is a constant need to explore the issue of ethical leadership and its impacts on employees to gauge methods to improve ethical conduct in organizations. This paper will attempt to analyze the dimensions of ethical leadership and its impacts on employee behavior as best as possible. Given the expansive nature of the topic, it is unrealistic to assume that all aspects and perspectives will be covered but this paper will attempt to delineate as much as possible. 2. Ethical Leadership Both ethics and leadership have been investigated for a very long time distinctly based on either normative or philosophical approaches. Results from these invest igations were traditionally used to decipher what leaders should do in order to bolster leadership. However, neither ethics nor leadership have been investigated on a strong scientific and social basis thus leading to fundamental gaps in understanding ethical leadership. ... cement and decision making also falls under the domain of ethical leadership (Brown, Trevino, & Harrison, 2005) (Trevino, Brown, & Hartman, 2003) (Trevino, Hartman, & Brown, 2000). In contrast philosophers have tried to define ethical leadership using normative perspectives by delineating how leadership ought to behave in organizational and other context (Ciulla, 2004). This approach to defining ethical leadership has narrowed down the focus of the subject. Instead the social scientific approach being pursued in this paper emphasizes describing ethical leadership, its antecedents as well as its consequences. Researchers have concluded for a long time that certain traits are more important to leadership than others. For example personal integrity has been linked with leadership effectiveness. Furthermore, perceived leader effectiveness has been linked to the perceptions of the leader’s character as per honesty, integrity and trustworthiness (Kirkpatrick & Locke, 1991) (Den Hart og, House, Hanges, Ruiz-Quintanilla, & Dorfman, 1999) (Posner & Schmidt, 1992) (Kouzes & Posner, 1993). In addition to these traits cognitive trust is also associated with effective leadership styles (Dirks & Ferrin, 2002). In this context cognitive trust has been defined as being composed of exercise of care in work, dependability and professionalism (McAllister, 1995). This concept has been used by Trevino et al (2000, 2003) in order to research what ethical leadership means to proximate observers of leaders. The research utilized structured interviews with twenty ethics or compliance officers as well as twenty senior executives. The respondents were asked to think of an ethical leader they knew about and to answer a broad survey that queried the motives, characteristics and behavior model of